Guten Tag! “Tag” in German means “day” – however what day is it? How do you speak in regards to the days of the week in German?
|German Days of the Week|
Studying German is simple should you strategy it the correct means, and the German days of the week are simple to be taught too. Most of them are much like the English ones, and the remainder aren’t too arduous to memorize.
Beneath, I am going to inform you every thing you’ll want to know in regards to the days of the week in German. I am going to cowl what they’re, the place they arrive from, and the way to use them. On high of that, I am going to provide you with some ideas and tips for the way to keep in mind them.
Desk of contents
- German Days of the Week
- The right way to Say “Yesterday”, “Right this moment” and “Tomorrow” in German
- What Gender are the German Days of the Week?
- The right way to Ask “What Day of the Week is it?” in German
- The right way to say “On Monday”, “On Tuesday”, and so forth. in German
- When to Capitalise Days of the Week in German
- The right way to Say “From Monday to Friday” in German
- Abbreviations for German Days of the Week
- How To Keep in mind the German Days of the Week
To ask a German what day it’s, you may ask “welchen Wochentag haben wir heute?” – “which day of the week do we now have right this moment?”
Let us take a look at the seven solutions you would possibly obtain!
German Days of the Week
“Monday” in German: Montag
“Monday” in German is Montag.
The title comes from Mond, the German phrase for “moon”. So “Montag” is actually “moon-day”. In reality, that is the place the English phrase “Monday” comes from too.
Enjoyable truth: in German-speaking international locations, Montag is taken into account to be the primary day of the week (versus some locations the place Sunday is taken into account the primary).
“Tuesday” in German: Dienstag
“Tuesday” in German is Dienstag.
The origins of this title are thought to return to the previous Germanic god Týr. Týr was a god of regulation and heroic glory. Dienstag is “Týr’s day”.
You guessed it, that’s additionally the place we get “Tuesday” from.
“Wednesday” in German: Mittwoch
“Wednesday” in German is Mittwoch. It is the one day whose title does not finish in “Tag”. The title merely means “Midweek”.
“Thursday” in German: Donnerstag
“Thursday” in German is Donnerstag. Donner is the German phrase for “thunder” – so Donnerstag means “thunder’s day”.
The day was initially named after Thor. You already know, the Norse hammer-wielding god who was later reworked right into a Marvel comedian superhero.
In German-speaking cultures, the Norse god Thor is called Donar.
“Friday” in German: Freitag
“Friday” in German is Freitag. You may spot the apparent connection between the English and German phrases.
In each languages the title comes from the god Frige (typically spelled “Frig”).
“Saturday” in German: Samstag
“Saturday” in German is Samstag, or alternatively Sonnabend (“Solar-evening”).
The latter is barely heard in northern and western Germany, and by no means in Austria or Switzerland. Samstag is extra universally understood.
Samstag comes from the Greek sambaton. Sambaton in flip comes from an older Greek phrase sabbaton, which is said to the phrase “Sabbath”. It has related roots to the French samedi and the Spanish sábado.
“Sunday” in German: Sonntag
“Sunday” in German is Sonntag. It comes from Sonne, which is the German phrase for “solar”. So Sonntag is actually “Solar-day”.
Hmmm… are you able to guess the place the English phrase may need come from?
The right way to Say “Yesterday”, “Right this moment” and “Tomorrow” in German
If we’ll speak about days in German, there are another issues you must know, like Gestern, heute, and morgen imply “yesterday”, “right this moment”, and “tomorrow” respectively.
Morgen may also imply “morning”, which might get barely complicated.
It is often apparent from the context whether or not morgen means “tomorrow” or “morning”.
If somebody says dieser Morgen, you will know they imply “this morning”, as a result of “this tomorrow” does not make sense. If you wish to say “tomorrow (within the) morning”, say morgen früh – “tomorrow early”.
What in regards to the days earlier than gestern and after morgen? In English we are saying “the day earlier than yesterday” and “the day after tomorrow”, however German has particular phrases: vorgestern and übermorgen respectively.
So “ich werde es übermorgen tun” means “I am going to do it the day after tomorrow”.
Lastly, you must know the way to say “week” and “weekend” in German. They’re Woche and Wochenende respectively. When you do one thing “on the weekend”, you say an der Wochenende.
What Gender are the German Days of the Week?
What gender are German days of the week? Straightforward: all German days of the week are masculine.
Keep in mind that the phrase Tag is masculine, so in accordance with the principles of German compound phrases, a phrase like Sonntag should be masculine too.
Mittwoch is an exception, however don’t panic. It’s masculine too (even supposing Woche, “week”, is female).
The right way to Ask “What Day of the Week is it?” in German
I’ve already talked about that welchen Wochentag haben wir heute? means “what day of the week is it?” However this is not the one technique to ask this query.
Listed here are three different methods you would possibly hear it:
- Welchen Tag haben wir heute? – “Which day do we now have right this moment?”
- Welcher Tag ist heute? – “Which day is right this moment?”
- Was ist denn heute für ein Tag? – “What’s right this moment for a day?”
There’s one downside with the phrasing in these questions: it isn’t clear whether or not you are asking for the day of the week or the date. Utilizing Wochentag (day of the week) relatively than Tag, as in my very first instance, clears up this downside.
To ask for the date, use Datum:
- Welches Datum haben wir heute? – “What date do we now have right this moment?”
- Was ist das aktuelle Datum? – “What’s the present date?”
The right way to say “On Monday”, “On Tuesday”, and so forth. in German
In English, we are saying “on Monday”. In German, you say “am Montag” – actually, “on the Monday”.
The phrase am is a mixture of an (“in/on”) and dem (dative masculine type of “the”).
So, for instance, “I ate meat on Tuesday” is “ich habe am Dienstag Fleisch geessen“.
Relate Studying: German Articles – The whole lot You Must Know
When to Capitalise Days of the Week in German
As you might know, nouns in German are at all times capitalised. However does a phrase like “Mittwoch” depend as a noun?
Generally, sure: days of the week operate like nouns and due to this fact should be capitalised. However there’s one exception: to say you do one thing habitually on a given day of the week – e.g. “I do it on Mondays” – then the day isn’t written with a capital letter.
To return to the meat-eating instance: “I eat meat on Tuesdays” is ich esse dienstags Fleisch (Word the “s” on the top of dienstags).
The right way to Say “From Monday to Friday” in German
To say “from (day) to (day)”, use von… bis.
“From Monday to Wednesday, I examine German” can be Von Montag bis Mittwoch, studiere ich Deutsch.
Abbreviations for German Days of the Week
In English, we regularly write “Mon”, “Tue”, “Wed”, and so forth once we do not wish to write the total title of the day.
In German, they do one thing related, however they often abbreviate days to their first two letters relatively than three. You may see it on this signal:
How To Keep in mind the German Days of the Week
Hopefully, the times of the week will not take you lengthy to be taught. There’s solely seven of them, and so they’re not that completely different from English! But when wanted, listed below are some tips that can assist you memorize them.
To start with, be sure to’re uncovered to the times of the week as a lot as potential, so that you’re always studying them and being reminded of them.
One great way to do that is to change the settings of your telephone and pc to German. Now, whenever you have a look at the calendar app in your telephone, you will be reminded of the related vocabulary.
When you use a paper calendar, purchase a German one too! Search for as some ways as potential to extend the quantity of German you hear and browse.
You can attempt memorizing the times within the type of a track. This is one easy track that ought to allow you to be taught. This is one other one that is aimed toward German youngsters. There are a lot of extra on YouTube if these two aren’t to your liking!
Mnemonic Tips to Study the Title of German Days – Humorous (However Efficient!)
Lastly, you should utilize mnemonic tips to burn every day of the week into your mind. The fundamental components goes like this:
For every day, consider a picture that reminds you of how its German title sounds.
For instance, for Dienstag you might consider the actor James Dean driving a stag.
For Mittwoch, consider Mitt Romney cooking meals in a wok. Or you might image your self consuming a Döner kebab for Donnerstag.
Subsequent, consider one thing that you just affiliate with a specific day of the week.
For Sunday, it might be a church (even should you do not go to church your self). For Monday, it might be your alarm clock waking you up for work. Tuesday might be the day for an American presidential election (they’re at all times held on a Tuesday).
You get the concept.
Use private connections if potential: you probably have salsa classes each Thursday night, then your mnemonic for Thursday might be a picture of your self dancing at your salsa class.
Lastly, create a picture in your head that joins collectively the photographs you got here up with.
For instance, for Thursday (Donnerstag) image your self dancing salsa whereas consuming a Döner kebab. With regards to Sunday (Sonntag), think about your self attending church underneath the sweltering sizzling solar.
If that sounds unlikely, wait till you image this one: being woken up by your alarm whereas sleeping on the floor of the moon on Monday (Montag). For Tuesday (Dienstag) consider James Dean driving a stag whereas campaigning for president.
Do not be shy – the extra outlandish and ridiculous the picture, the extra doubtless you might be to recollect it! Equally, make it as vivid and vibrant as potential. What does the scene scent like, sound like, and style like? What feelings does it make you are feeling?
Create mnemonic, and you will solely have to consider this as soon as – then it will likely be burned into your reminiscence ceaselessly. As they are saying in German – einfach (“easy”)!
The publish Days of the Week in German & Straightforward Methods to Keep in mind Them appeared first on Fluent in 3 months – Language Hacking and Journey Ideas.